To present a series of challenging cases of unusual abdominal calcifications on plain film and their CT imaging correlation. To discuss the pathophysiology,
and complications of the cases presented. To review the pattern and the imaging characteristics in order to narrow the differential diagnosis.
The abdominal plain radiograph continues to be the initial imaging study to evaluate the abdomen,
since it is an accessible,
inexpensive and fast diagnostic method. Pathologic calcification is the deposition of calcium in any tissue other than osteoid and enamel.
It can arise in tissues with unstable metabolism,
decreased blood supply,
trauma or infection.
Dystrophic calcification is the most common type,
it arises in damaged or necrotic tissues,
Findings and procedure details
Findings and differential diagnosis? ENCRUSTATED PYELONEPHRITIS Chronic inflammatory process caused by crystal deposits from urea-producing organisms.
Corynebacterium urealyticum is the most common associated organism. Risk factors : Transplanted/ immunocompromised patients. Urological surgery/ damaged urothelial mucosa. Previous antibiotic therapy. Imaging findings: Most affected anatomic regions: the trigone,
and bladder neck. Abdominal plain film Calcification in the wall of the...
Abdominal calcifications in plain films can be challenging.
There are many unusual conditions that may be associated with calcifications that may mimic other more common etiologies. Therefore,
it is fundamental that radiologist consider other possible causes of abdominal calcification and become familiar with their imaging features and differential diagnosis. Finally,
radiologist must keep in mind that when the etiology of an abdominal calcification is not clear on plain film,
the use of...
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