|ECR 2018 / C-0366|
|Tuberculosis: almost everywhere!|
Tuberculosis is a serious disease, especially in endemic countries. However, there has also been an increase in the prevalence in Europe. The etiologic agent of the majority of tuberculosis cases is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Risk factors for tuberculosis are immunodeficiency, diabetes, alcohol, malnutrition, and smoking . Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most frequent form. The infection usually spreads from lungs via the hematogenous pathway and consequently tuberculosis may present extrapulmonary sites (e.g. central nervous, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary systems). Imaging techniques are helpful to assess the multisystemic involvement of tuberculosis. Radiological images should be evaluated in conjunction with the associated clinical and laboratory findings.
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