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ECR 2018 / C-2109
Current staging of rectal cancer with MRI: what you need to know and be aware of
Congress: ECR 2018
Poster No.: C-2109
Type: Educational Exhibit
Keywords: Gastrointestinal tract, Oncology, Pelvis, MR, Diagnostic procedure, Education and training
Authors: L. I. R. Agostinho1, A. Matos2, A. GONÇALVES2, L. Gargaté3; 1Lisbon/PT, 2Lisboa/PT, 3Loures/PT


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2. Brown G, Davies S, Williams GT et al. (2004) Effectiveness of preoperative staging in rectal cancer: digital rectal examination, endoluminal ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging? Br J Cancer 91(1):23–29

3. LeBlanc J (2007) Imaging and management of rectal cancer. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 4(12):665–676

4. Smith N, Brown G et al. (2008) Preoperative staging in rectal cancer. Acta Oncol 47:20-31

5. Goh V, Halligan S, Bartram CI (2004) Local radiological staging of rectal cancer. Clin Radiol 59(3):215–226

6. Salerno G, Daniels IR, Brown G (2006) Magnetic resonance imaging of the low rectum: defining the radiological anatomy. Colorectal Dis 8(Suppl 3):10–13

7. Michael R. Påhlman TL, Glimelius B et al. (2010) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in rectal cancer: a comprehensive review. Insights Imaging (2010) 1:245–267.

8. Salerno G, Sinnatamby C, Branagan G, Daniels IR, Heald RJ, Moran BJ (2006) Defining the rectum: surgically, radiologically and anatomically. Colorectal Dis 8(Suppl 3):5–9

9. Torkzad MR, Blomqvist L (2005) The mesorectum: morphometric assessment with magnetic resonance imaging. Eur Radiol 15(6):1184–1191

10. Kaur H, Choi H, You N (2012) MR Imaging for Preop­erative Evaluation of Primary Rectal Cancer: Practical Considerations. Radiographics 32:389-409

11. Glynne-Jones R, Wyrwicz L, Tiret E et al (2017) Rectal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Annals of Oncology 28

12.Beets-Tan R, Lambregts D, Maas M et al. (2013)  Magnetic resonance imaging for the clinical management of rectal cancer patients: recommendations from the 2012 European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR) consensus meeting. European Radiology 23:2522–2531

13. Beets-Tan R, Lambregts D, Maas M et al. (2017) Magnetic resonance imaging for clinical management of rectal cancer: Updated recommendations from the 2016 European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR) consensus meeting. Eur Radiol

14. Taylor et al. (2011) Preoperative high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging can identify good prognosis stage I, II and III rectal cancer best managed by surgery alone: a prospective, multicentre, European study. Ann Surg 253: 711-719

15. Mathur P, Smith JJ, Ramsey C, et al. (2003) Comparison of CT and MRI in the pre-operative staging of rectal adenocarcinoma and prediction of circumferential resection margin involvement by MRI. Colorectal Dis 5(5):396–401


16. Loenhout Rhiannon. “The Radiology Assistent”. Rectal Cancer MR staging 2.0 (2015) Web. 30 December 2017.

17.Smith NJ, Barbachano Y,Norman AR et al. (2008) Prognostic significance of magnetic resonance imaging-detected extramural vascular invasion in rectal cancer. Br J Surg 95:229–236

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