Brought to you by
ECR 2019 / C-1766
Diagnostic Dilemma in MR Imaging of Spinal Dysraphism
Congress: ECR 2019
Poster No.: C-1766
Type: Educational Exhibit
Keywords: Musculoskeletal spine, Paediatric, MR, Diagnostic procedure, Congenital
Authors: S. Nagarajan, G. Kathirvelu, D. Jaganathan, C. Paraman; Chennai/IN




  1. James Barkovich & Charles Raybaud – Pediatric neuroimaging 5th edition
  2. Diagnostic Radiology - Pediatric Imaging 3rd edition
  3. Chad J. Jensen- Brief History of Occult Spinal Dysraphism - The Spine Scholar - Volume 1, Number 2, 2017
  4. Stephanie L. Rufener, Mohannad Ibrahim, Charles A. Raybaud, Hemant A. Parmar - Congenital Spine and Spinal Cord Malformations—Pictorial Review-AJR:194, March 2010
  5. Jyoti Kumar, Muhammed Afsal, and Anju Garg - Imaging spectrum of spinal dysraphism on magnetic resonance: A pictorial review - World J Radiol. 2017 Apr 28; 9(4): 178–190.
  6. Ramacharya, Kiran S. Desai - Spinal dysraphism: MRI evaluation - International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences Ramacharya et al. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015 Aug;3(8):1937-1941
  7. R.A.J.Nievelstein, J.Valk, L.M.E.Smit, and C.Vermeij-Keers -MR of the Caudal Regression Syndrome: Embryologic Implications - AJNR Am J Neuroradio/15:1021-1029, Jun 1994
  8. Samples DC , Tarasiewicz I (2016) Review and Classification of Occult Spinal Dysraphism and Tethered Cord Syndrome in Children. J Spine 5: 325. doi:10.4172/2165-7939.1000325
  9. Dr Ravi N, Dr Ramesh V, Dr Naveen K , Dr B R Nagaraj, Dr Adarsh K M, Dr Manjappa H B, Dr Lakshmeesha M T - Role of MRI in the Evaluation of Spinal Dysraphism - SSRG International Journal of Medical Science (SSRG-IJMS) – volume 1 Issue 2 December 2014.
  10. Nasreen Mahomed, MB BCh, FCRad (Diag) Jaishree Naidoo, MB BCh, FCRad (Diag) - Spinal segmental dysgenesis - SA JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY • June 2009
  11. GREGORY W.J. HAWRYLUK, CRYSTAL A. RUFF, AND MICHAEL G. FEHLINGS - Development and maturation of the spinal cord: implications of molecular and genetic defects- Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Vol. 109 (3rd series)
  12. A. ROSSI, A. CAMA, G. PIATELLI, M. RAVEGNANI, R. BIANCHERI, P. TORTORI-DONATI - SPINAL DYSRAPHISM: MR IMAGING RATIONALE - Journal of Neuroradiology Vol 31, N° 1 - Janvier 2004 pp. 3-24
  13. Ullas V Acharya, Hima Pendharkar, Dandu R Varma, Nupur Pruthi , Shriram Varadarajan - Spinal dysraphism illustrated - Embroyology revisite- Indian J Radiol Imaging 2017;27:417-26.
  14. Pahwa S, Garg A, Mishra N K. Segmental spinal dysgenesis: A rare malformation of the spinal cord.Neurol India 2010;58:334-335
  15. ACW LEE, NS KWONG, YC WONG - Management of Sacral Dimples Detected on Routine Newborn Examination: A Case Series and Review - HK J Paediatr (new series) 2007;12:93-95
  16. VanDer Knaap MS, Valk J. Classification of congenital abnormalities of the CNS. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol1988;9:315-326
  17. Tortori-Donati P, Rossi A, Cama A. Spinal dysraphism: a review of neuroradiological features with embryological correlations and proposal for a new classification. Neuroradiology 2000; 42:471–491
  18. Venkataramana NK. Spinal dysraphism. J Pediatr Neurosci. 2011;6:S31–S40
  19. Rufener S, Ibrahim M, Parmar HA. Imaging of congenital spine and spinal cord malformations. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2011;21:659–676, viii.
  20. Adzick NS. Fetal surgery for myelomeningocele: trials and tribulations. Isabella Forshall Lecture. J Pediatr Surg. 2012;47:273–281.
  21. Grivell RM, Andersen C, Dodd JM. Prenatal versus postnatal repair procedures for spina bifida for improving infant and maternal outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(10):CD008825.
  22. Thompson D. Spinal dysraphic anomalies; classification, presentation and management. Paediatrics and Child   Health. 2010;20:397–403
  23. French BN. The embryology of spinal dysraphism. Clin Neurosurg. 1983;30:295–340.
  24. Pang D, Dias MS, Ahab-barmada M. “split cord malformation Part I: a unified theory of embryogenesis for double spinal cord malformations”. Neurosurgery. 1992;31:451–80.
  25. Paolo TD. Magnetic resonance imaging of spinal dysraphism. Topics In Magnetic resonance imaging. 2001;12(6):375-409.
  26. Kumar R. Spinal dysraphism: Trends in Northern India. Paediatric neurosurgery. 2003;38:133-45.
  27. S.M. Lee, J.E. Cheon, Y.H. Choi, I.-O. Kim, W.S. Kim - Limited Dorsal Myeloschisis and Congenital Dermal Sinus:Comparison of Clinical and MR Imaging Features - AJNR Jan 2017.


POSTER ACTIONS Add bookmark Contact presenter Send to a friend Download pdf
2 clicks for more privacy: On the first click the button will be activated and you can then share the poster with a second click.

This website uses cookies. Learn more