|ECR 2019 / C-0369|
|Acute Ischemic Stroke: how to make a brilliant report|
Stroke can be defined as an acute central nervous system injury with an abrupt onset, and is the third leading cause of mortality in developed countries, and also a major cause of morbidity.
It is a syndrome caused by disruption of the blood flow to part of the brain.
-Risk factors of stroke: high blood pressure (the most important one), cigarette smoking, diabetes, obesity, isquemic cardiopathy, atrial fibrillation...
- Hemorrhagic stroke (15%): rupture of a blood vessel, with injury to cells and sudden loss of focal brain functions.
- Ischemic stroke (85%): due to occlusion of a blood vessel. It can be further divided into two groups: thrombotic and embolic strokes.
-The most common site of ischemic stroke is the MCA.
References: Robin Smithuis (2008). Brain Ischemia - Vascular territories. Radiology Assistant
The goals of the imaging evaluation are to establish a diagnosis as early as possible and to obtain information for guidance on selecting the appropriate therapy.
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