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Comparative studies, Digital radiography, CT, Cone beam CT, Trauma, Bones
A. Vasiliev, E. Egorova, N. Blinov, D. V. Makarova, E. G. Gorlycheva; Moscow/RU
Aims and objectives
Allusions of Х-rays application in anthropology are known from publications since the beginning of the XX-th century.
Nowadays modern visualization techniques are used increasingly for the remains examinations.
information about an assessment of anthropological material using such Х-ray techniques,
as digital microfocus radiography with direct multiple images magnification (DMFR) or multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is limited by a few publications [1–5,
With the advent of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) systems of a new generation it has become possible to conduct researches of remains with high-quality images production,
but capabilities of CBCT-technique application in detection of signs of various pathological intravital or postmortal processes is not studied enough [6,
CBCT-images obtaining is based on scanning of an interest area with pulsed X-ray beam,
collimated in such a way that the radiation is distributed in the form of a cone.
It strikes subsequently a flat panel detector weakened by tissues.
Just one circular rotation of a gantry around the examined area is resulted in a primary three-dimensional image that is ready for further processing.
CB-system allows avoiding a loss of graphic information,
which is an important factor while studying the bone structure.
Despite the obvious advantages,
CBCT still does not have a wide application in researches of anthropological material.
In the framework of our research CBCT application capabilities in detection of bone fractures by the example of the anthropological finds have been analyzed.