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Education and training, Diagnostic procedure, MR, Paediatric, Cardiac
A. Lopez-da Costa1, P. Fernández Armendáriz1, C. Méndez Diaz2, E. Rodriguez Garcia2, C. Díaz Angulo1, S. Marcos1, F. Rueda Nuñez1, R. Soler Fernández1; 1A Coruña/ES, 2La Coruña/ES
Cardiomyopathies are heterogeneous diseases caused by a functional abnormality of the cardiac muscle and,
they remain the leading cause of heart transplants in children over one year of age.
Most classify cardiomyopathy as either primary or secondary.
They are considered as primary when the disorder is solely or predominantly confined to the heart muscle and has a genetic,
or acquired etiology.
Secondary cardiomyopathy is diagnosed when the disorder involves myocardial damage because of a systemic or multiorgan disease.
In pediatric population,
risk stratification is necessary because most cases of cardiomyopathies have a family history of the disease.
Cardiac MR imaging has the potential to improve outcomes in pediatric cardiomyopathies and can be a valuable tool for prognostic characterization.
In this pictorial essay we show diagnostic and prognostic MR imaging features of pediatric cardiomyopathies,
including imaging protocols,
disease characterization and the emerging role of MR imaging for risk stratification.