Radiographers, Musculoskeletal joint, Musculoskeletal soft tissue, Ultrasound, Experimental investigations, Efficacy studies, Tissue characterisation
R. A. M. Santos1, C. S. S. D. Silva2, S. F. C. Noite1, A. André1; 1Coimbra/PT, 2044/PT
Aims and objectives
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is one of the most commonly used joints in the human body (1).
It is composed by two types of cartilage,
fibrous and hyaline,
which allows the condylar cartilage to adapt better to forces when compared to the primary cartilage (1,2).
Ultrasound in the study of TMJ has the great advantage of evaluating the articulation in its greater extent in a non-invasive or uncomfortable way for the patient,
since it uses the properties of reflection of the ultrasound in the differences of densities present in the organism (3).
To evaluate the ultrasound reproducibility in mandibular condyle cartilage thickness and masseter muscles thickness and echo-intensity.
To characterize the cartilage of the mandibular condyle and the masseter muscle.
To analyse the correlation of the ultrasound measurements and the anatomical side,
patient position and headache.