The main objective of this presentation is to review the radiological findings of the different pathologies that affect the gallbladder,
making a special focus on the entities that have a greater diagnostic difficulty.
The pathology of the gallbladder is one of the clinical conditions that the radiologist must master due to its great frequency and impact on the population and health system.
The entities that affect it are very varied,
it includes congenital anomalies,
inflammatory or infectious affection and tumor diseases.
Ultrasound is the diagnostic tool of choice,
and may also be therapeutic in cases requiring percutaneous drainage of the gallbladder.
Other diagnostic methods (CT and MRI) may be useful in cases of suspected complications or to assess...
Findings and procedure details
Acute cholecystitis and abscess: Fig. 1
Acute cholecystitis is a very common entity in radiology emergencies.
Most cholecystitis is due to a stone impacted in the infundibulum,
causing an accumulation of bile and secretions that can not drain into the bile duct,
One of the most frequent acute complications of cholecystitis is perforation and the formation of an abscess.
If the perforation is surrounded by hepatic parenchyma,
the complications are minor,
because the pus is contained,
although a hepatic abscess may form.
The pathology of the gallbladder are a set of entities to which radiologists are frequently confronted.
In most cases,
the ultrasound is sufficient to make a correct diagnosis,
there are entities that are difficult to characterize and require complementary studies.
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Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: CT features with emphasis on differentiation from gallbladder carcinoma.
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