EuroSafe Imaging 2020
Action 7 - Radiation protection of children, Management, Paediatric, Radioprotection / Radiation dose, CT, MR, Ultrasound, Equipment, Radiation safety, Acute, Retrospective, Not applicable, Performed at one institution
A. Hambardzumyan, N. H. Dallakyan, D. Dallakyan, L. hakopian, A. Hayrapetyan, H. Tumasyan, S. Grigoryan
The number of medical X-ray imaging procedures is growing exponentially across the globe. Even though the overall benefit from medical X-ray imaging procedures far outweighs any associated risks, it is crucial to take all necessary steps to minimize radiation risks to children without jeopardizing image quality . Pediatric patients have a higher average risk of developing cancer compared with adults receiving the same dose. The longer life expectancy in children allows more time for any harmful effects of radiation to manifest, and developing organs and tissues are more sensitive to the effects of radiation. The importance of rigorous justification of radiological procedures is emphasized for every procedure involving ionizing radiation, and the use of imaging modalities that are non-ionizing should always be considered. . The pediatric interventional radiology community also has worked diligently in recent years through education and the use of technology to incorporate numerous dose-reduction strategies . Multiple computed tomography (CT) examinations may cumulatively involve absorbed doses to organs and tissues that can sometimes approach or exceed the levels known from epidemiological studies to significantly increase the probability of cancer development. Radiation protection strategies include rigorous justification of CT examinations and the use of imaging techniques that are non-ionizing, followed by optimization of radiation dose exposure (according to the 'as low as reasonably achievable' principle). Special consideration should be given to the availability of dose reduction technology when acquiring CT scanners . So, significant changes can be expected in modern pediatric radiology. New imaging techniques are progressively added to basic modalities like X-rays and ultrasound .
The main goal was to introduce different approaches in a pediatric hospital for the diminishing children x-ray radiation.