The Aim of this work is to : - Illustrate the imaging patterns of brain and meningeal infections in children.
- Show the contribution of imaging in the diagnosis of pediatric intracranial infections
* Pediatric infections are common,
but the central nervous system is rarely affected. * Particularities in children: - Epidemiology,
and clinical presentation are different from those observed in adults. -Interpretation difficulties of imaging related to the incompleteness of the process of myelination in the newborn and the infant. * From a pathophysiological point of view, acquired infections are distinguished from congenital infections;
Findings and procedure details
* Imaging of intracranial infections isto be widely indicated in newborns and infants due to subtle clinical and biological signs. It is essential for : - The assessment of viral or bacterial encephalitis. - Diagnosis and follow-up of suppurated collections (abscess and empyema..). - Diagnosis of the cause of infection : petrous,
sinus.. * Transsutellar ultrasound is the first-line examination in neonate and infant before the closure of the anterior fontanel. * CT is the most frequently...
- Intracranial infectionsrepresenta diagnosis and therapy emergencies.
- Brain imaging should be widely indicated in neonates and infants because clinical signs are subtle.
Imagerie cérébrale pédiatrique et fœtale. Journal de Radiologie , 88 (10),
1452. 2- Levy,
Observatoire national des méningites bactériennes de l'enfant en France: résultats de 7 années d'étude. Archives de pediatrie , 15 ,