The purpose of this poster isto clarify the role of imaging in pediatric cases complaining ofacute abdomenal pain
Dorland’s dictionary defines acute abdomen as an abdominalcondition of abrupt onset usually associated with abdominalpain. Emergency surgical intervention is usually required.
Abdominal pain in children is a frequent symptom among referrals to emergency departments.
It accounts for 5%–10% of visits to the ED.
It can be caused by a variety of conditions ranging from mild and self-limiting to life-threatening diseases.
An early and accurate diagnosis results in more appropriate management and,
leads to better outcomes and lower risk of morbidity.
The causes of the...
Findings and procedure details
Role of ultrasound:
Sonography has become an extraordinarily useful modality in the evaluation of children.
It is preferable over CT due to: lack of radiation exposure,
noninvasiveness and painlessness.
Inordinate preparation is not required,
and sedation is rarely necessary.
The apparent safety of this nonionizing procedure permits repetitive scanning as necessary during an examination and for follow-up studies.
Scanning can be accomplished in multiple planes and with the patient in virtually any position.
Ultrasonography can provide assessment of areas and organs that cannot be adequately...
Besides detailed history and physical examination,
US in children plays an essential role in investigating a child presenting with acute abdomen.
Dr Nehal Mohamed Saloum.
Hamad Medical Corporation,
Managing acute abdominal pain in pediatric patients: current perspectives.
Medicine and Therapeutics.
The Role of Ultrasound in Pediatrics,
Brian Coley et al.
Caffey's Pediatric Diagnostic Imaging ‘Twelfth Edition'; 2013.
Mesenteric adenitis: CT diagnosis of primary versus secondary causes,
and clinical significance in pediatric and adult patients.
AJR Am J Roentgenol.
Mesenteric lymph nodes: detection and significance on MDCT.