Gastrointestinal tract, Head and neck, Oncology, CT, MR, Ultrasound, Complications, Staging, Treatment effects, Cancer, Education and training, Neoplasia
S. Oda, T. Hiyama, H. Kuno, H. Fujiwara, S. Sakashita, T. Kobayashi
CeEC is rare and accounts for approximately 2-10% of all esophageal cancers; however, it is associated with a poor prognosis. The management of CeEC differs from that of other esophageal cancers because CeECs are often locally advanced at the time of diagnosis, inﬁltrating nearby anatomical structures, including the hypopharynx, laryngeal cartilage, and trachea . It is also important to know whether laryngeal function can be preserved.
Post-treatment recurrence and complications may occur early or late in the course of treatment, requiring prompt evaluation and appropriate treatment.
Therefore, radiologists need to be familiar with the imaging anatomy of the cervical esophagus and imaging findings of CeECs for suitable treatment, post-treatment recurrence, and complications.